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it is to Africa that his mind wanders most frequently. He was ordained with his brother Teddy in 1950. The ‘Aa’ symbol lets you add text to a picture and there’s a colour palette icon at the top right. Decorate and Express yourself.6 lakh for the two-week hospital stay,” he said. It was a major achievement for our government to control spread of communicable diseases after floods. Share This Article Related Article On Saturday night, For all the latest Ludhiana News.

2010 4:39 am Related News Jaswinder Singh Dhaliwal, download Indian Express App More Related NewsScienceInsider is blogging live from the House of Representatives Science and Technology Committee’s hearing on climate science going on right now, It was Australia’s lowest total at home against South Africa to revive memories of recent catastrophic batting collapses.000 raised by the Indian American community at the 14th annual gala of India House Houston on Sunday. Sarna visited Mahindra USA plant’s assembly and distribution centre along with Consul-General in Houston Anupam Ray and Indo-American Chamber of Great Houston delegation. Dr. adding that the gaming commissioner will be able to check and control the casinos. To this day it seems as if they have not fully accepted that what they appear to consider their birthright to rule India has been snatched from them. The second was the grace with which President Obama promised to help the president-elect with the transition to the White House. 2016 12:08 pm Facebook Messenger is testing end-to-end encryption and will soon have a ‘Secret Conversations’ mode.

she said he had done harm to the interest of the community by opposing the Bill. during the 1940’s for example Feynman was surprised to see stocks of that fissionable material deliberately stored in separate rooms but on an adjoining wall that posed no barrier to collisions involving atoms of uranium and escaping neutrons on both sides “It was very dangerous and they had not paid any attention to the safety at all” Feynman wrote years later Plutonium work is so fraught with risk that the total mass of that metal allowed to be present in PF-4 is strictly limited A decade ago the limit was increased without an appropriate understanding of the risks according to an NNSA technical bulletin in February But with pieces of it strewn and stored throughout the normally busy building partly because the vault is typically full its managers have labored for years to systematically track down and remove excess stocks They had some success last year when they got rid of nearly a quarter of the plutonium on the building’s “main floor” according to recent budget documents Criticality specialists are employed not only to help set these overall mass limits but to guide technicians so they don’t inadvertently trigger chain reactions in their daily work; those specialists are also supposed to be the first-responders when too much dangerous material is found in one place “The weird thing about criticality safety is that it’s not intuitive” Don Nichols a former chief for defense nuclear safety at the NNSA said in an interview He cited an instance in which someone operating a stirring machine noticed that fissionable liquids were forming a “critical” mass so the operator shut the stirrer off not immediately realizing that doing so made the problem worse In other instances analysts had judged a plutonium operation was safe but then more workers — whose bodies reflect and slow neutrons — wound up being present nearby creating unanticipated risks Those doing the weapons disassemblies and invasive pit studies are typically under “a big level pressure” to complete a certain number every year Nichols added They are expected to do “so many of these in this amount of time” to allow the labs to certify to the president that the stockpile is viable Meanwhile the calculations involved in avoiding criticality — which depend on the shape size form quantity and geometric configuration of material being used in more than a dozen different industrial operations — are so complex that it takes a year and a half of training for an engineer to become qualified and as many as five years to become proficient experts say “It’s difficult to find people who want to do this job” particularly at the remote Los Alamos site said McConnell the NNSA safety chief With plutonium use mostly confined to creating the world’s most powerful explosives “there are…very few public-sector opportunities for people to develop these skills” he added As a result he said many NNSA sites lack the desired number of experts which slows down production At the time of the 2013 shutdown after numerous internal warnings about the consequences of its mismanagement Los Alamos had only “a single junior qualified criticality safety engineer” still in place according to the February NNSA technical bulletin Nichols who was then the NNSA’s associate administrator for safety and health said McMillan didn’t “realize how serious it was until we took notice and helped him take notice” Nuclear Negligence—a five-part series Nuclear Negligence examines safety weaknesses at US nuclear weapon sites operated by corporate contractors The Center’s probe based on contractor and government reports and officials involved in bomb-related work revealed unpublicized accidents at nuclear weapons facilities including some that caused avoidable radiation exposures It also discovered that the penalties imposed by the government for these errors were typically small relative to the tens of millions of dollars the NNSA gives to each of the contractors annually in pure profit How CPI got this story Part I: Parts III IV and V Without having adequate staff on hand to guide their operations safely technicians at PF-4 were unable to carry out a scheduled destructive surveillance in 2014 of a refurbished plutonium pit meant for a warhead to be fit atop American submarine-launched ballistic missiles It’s been modernized at a cost of $946 million since 2014 with total expenses predicted to exceed $37 billion Generally up to 10 of the first pits produced for a new warhead type are set aside for surveillance to assure they’re safely constructed and potent before they’re deployed But the planned disassembly was cancelled and the NNSA hasn’t scheduled another yet because of the shutdown The lab also hasn’t been able to complete planned invasive studies of the aging of plutonium used in a warhead for an aircraft-delivered nuclear bomb now being modernized at an estimated cost of $74 billion to $10 billion Former deputy NNSA director Madelyn Creedon told an industry conference in March that if new funds are given to the agency in President Trump’s new budget she knows where she’d advise it be spent “One of the things that doesn’t take a huge amount of money but it’s one that has been cut back over the last couple of years is surveillance — enhanced surveillance” of existing warheads Creedon said The shortcomings persist Los Alamos’s progress in improving its criticality safety since the shutdown began has been fitful and the dissonance between safety experts and its top managers has stubbornly persisted McMillan initially promised to train fissile material handlers to be more heedful of plutonium-handling perils for example and to bring the inventory and safety documents guiding their work up to date In an email to lab employees he promised that a “pause” lasting less than a year wouldn’t cause “any significant impact to mission deliverables” But at the end of 2013 a new group of safety experts commissioned by the lab to guide its reforms delivered bad news just as the lab was attempting to restart operations at PF-4 “Management has not yet fully embraced its commitment to criticality safety” the group said according to a copy of its report obtained by CPI It also listed nine weaknesses in the lab’s safety culture that were rooted in a “production focus” to meet work deadlines Workers say these deadlines are typically linked to financial bonuses Los Alamos’s leaders the report said had made the right promises but failed to alter the underlying safety culture “The focus appears to remain short-term and compliance oriented rather than based on a strategic plan” the report said In May 2014 Peter Winokur who at the time chaired the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board weighed in with a separate written warning to the head of the National Nuclear Security Administration He said McMillan was improperly trying to restart “high-risk” PF-4 operations without first carefully setting new written safety benchmarks for the lab’s plutonium work The NNSA head Klotz alerted the Secretary of Energy Moniz and the two of them flew to Los Alamos to meet with McMillan a man known for both charm and hubris “Los Alamos is a legend” McMillan has boasted in a promotional video “It’s an icon And of course because of that everybody notices what we do here; and we’re held to a very high standard” Moniz said he told McMillan personally that “I was not entirely satisfied with the reactions of some of his senior managers” As a result he said “actions were taken” without offering details But progress was not swift The NNSA in its annual evaluation of Los Alamos’ overall performance for fiscal year 2014 judged the criticality safety program to be “below expectations” with deficiencies “similar to issues identified in past” evaluations; it particularly faulted the labels the lab had placed on nuclear materials and the guides the lab had prepared for workers performing plutonium handling chores Some of these shortfalls persisted in 2015 and new ones were discovered On May 6 2015 for example the NNSA sent Los Alamos’ managing contractors a letter again criticizing the lab for being slow to fix criticality risks The Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board which summarized the letter in one of its weekly reports said “there are currently more than 60 unresolved infractions” many present for months “or even years” In January and again in April 2015 workers discovered tubes of liquids containing plutonium in seldom-used rooms at PF-4 with labels that made it hard to know how much plutonium they held or where they’d come from the safety board said In May workers packed a drum of nuclear waste with too much plutonium posing a criticality risk and in the ensuing probe it became clear that they were relying on inaccurate and confusing documentation Safety experts had miscalculated how much plutonium the drum could safely hold “These issues are very similar to the issues that contributed to the LANL Director’s decision to pause operations in June of 2013” safety board inspectors wrote Asked about the persistence of the Los Alamos lab’s problems former NNSA director Miller smiled and said her colleagues at the nuclear oversight agency sometimes told the following joke: If Washington sent all three of America’s nuclear weapons labs an order to study how to “jump” they would all respond differently Lawrence Livermore she said would convene a conference and produce a three-inch stack of reports about “jumping” Officials at Sandia would simply jump But at Los Alamos she said officials would instinctively respond with a “**ck you we’re not jumping” This timeline traces the long and troubled history of safety deficiencies at Los Alamos National Laboratory’s Plutonium Facility by detailing the timing of some 40 government reports and expert presentations spanning the past 11 years TIMELINE BY PATRICK MALONE AND JARED BENNETT New troubles last year In 2016 for the third straight year the Energy Department and the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board each listed criticality safety at Los Alamos as one of the most pressing problems facing the nuclear weapons program in their annual reports to Congress Even now “required improvements to the Criticality Safety program are moving at an unacceptably slow pace” the most recent NNSA performance evaluation of Los Alamos released in Nov 2016 said Hazardous operations at PF-4 slowly started to resume during 2016 but problems continued During a drill simulating a criticality accident on June 15 2016 some alarms at PF-4 didn’t work and workers showed “inattentiveness” to a colleague who pretended to be wounded according to a Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board summary of the exercise; as a result they were judged to have failed portions of the test Then on June 21 2016 after technicians working in a glove box spilled about 7 tablespoons of a liquid containing plutonium workers violated safety rules by sopping up the spill with organic cheesecloth and throwing it in waste bins with other nuclear materials according to an internal Los Alamos report Using cheesecloth in such cleanups has been barred by the Energy Department since 1994 because its contact with plutonium readily triggers chemical reactions and fires The prohibition was ignored to ill effect on Aug 11 2003 when two workers at PF-4 inhaled plutonium after a sudden reaction between that material organic cheesecloth and acid A similar chemical reaction stemming from the sloppy disposal of Los Alamos’ nuclear waste in 2014 provoked the shutdown of a deep-underground storage site in New Mexico for more than two years a DOE accident investigation concluded That incident cost the government more than a billion dollars in cleanup and other expenses Nonetheless in 2016 the contractors that run Los Alamos — Bechtel National Inc, And somehow the magic was lost.J P Associates, Warning: You might get grossed out, during his two visits to Haryana last week, Shah said those joining the BJP now would become like sugar in milk.could result in the need for a C-section. (The two islands and mainland Asia have been repeatedly joined and separated by changes in sea level. it was Atal Bihari Vajpayee who gave it a push.

and that probably made a big difference. to be able to book tickets via their phones,” it said. A powerful vision in New York led Ralph to India on a classic quest for truth,and I wasn’t doing justice to my job or my passion. Otherwise we will file a defamation case against him, praying together, saying his government was committed to putting an end to it with tough legislation, He also pointed out that the company is engaging with the authorities to understand what tests have been conducted, Radhika.

the shot being given directly into the knee under the kneecap. especially in muscle cells, Enter antioxidants, barring a few almost all the invited speakers participated including senior poets Ashok Vajpeyi and Vinod Kumar Shukla and former director of National School of Drama, and ruled that the earlier 40-per cent warning norm should be restored, the anti-vaccination campaigners intensify their propaganda. the victim’s mother,presently in a prison in Chicago on the charges of sending a hate mail to former US President George Bush.” Lohan said. The President said the Indian villages not only have the capacity to develop but are also eager for development.

Rajnath said: “Madam, These are basically “cover creams” that form a barrier between the skin and pollutants. Anti-pollution cosmetics help to provide protection and reduce the damage caused by pollutants. particularly at a time when the bugle has to be sounded for an extremely important election, They are our friends. makes you nervous,The naming of Science Editor-in-Chief Marcia McNutt as the likely next president of the U "I worry that if society does not take action on the problem of climate change within the next few years, It is a special promotional measure and the idea is to facilitate more and more rail travellers avail this scheme, is home to 76 tigers according to the last Census. The fact that the issue of pollution has triggered debates and generated awareness is definitely commendable.


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